The basic employee training principle help trainers to design programs that are specific to the needs of an organization and individual employees. Training can and will produce positive results if it is based on clearly defined needs specific to the workplace and if it is delivered with a view to those needs and the ways in which employees learn.
Employee training which fails to produce positive results because it is based on sound analysis is, at best, a waste of time and money.
Major Principles of Employee Training
The major principles of an employee of training are:
1. Principles of Goal Settings
Employee training should be based on the specific needs and objectives of the organization as well as the employee.
Determination of goals pertaining to the development of skills, knowledge, and behavior helps in improving organizational performance.
2. Principle of Individuality
The learning needs and styles of each individuals employee are different from another.
Trainees respond differently to the same training. This is due to factors such as the individual’s state of training, employee characteristics, personnel commitment, and their level of maturity.
Therefore, conditions and opportunities must be created so that every employee learn specific job skills and competencies at their pace and natural abilities.
3. Principle of Practice
Employees must be accorded the opportunity to practice what they have learned in the training program so that training can be transferred to the workplace effectively and results in performance improvement.
4. Principle of Feedback
Employees/trainees need to give non-critical feedback so as to reinforce what they have learned in the training for effective skills transfer to the job.
No matter how successful training is in meeting objectives, its effect will decline with time if reinforcement is not provided in the workplace on a regular and consistent basis.
Such reinforcement should be the routine responsibility of supervisors, managers, and the training department.
It can be provided through regular monitoring of performance on the job, recognition of proper performance, and routine reminders through the use of short meetings, notices, and posters.
5. Principle of Meaningfulness
Employee training should focus on job-relevant skills, knowledge, and information.
This helps ina achieving objectives of training.
6. Principle of Overload
Employee training should not provide so many details to employees/trainees that it overloads the employees/trainee resulting in loss of learning retention.
This is crucial for the effectiveness of training programs.
7. Principle of Specificity
Employee training must be specific to the needs of individuals employees and jobs.
What is relevant for a particular job as per job description should be focused on.
Specificity helps in attaining the training and learning objectives with ease.
In order for training programs to be effective, it must be specific for the job and position of the employee.
8. Principle of Adaptation
Training programs must be adapted for specific individuals employees, or groups of employees keeping in view their competence, personal profile, job requirements, and job conditions.
9. Principle of Progression
Employee training should be imparted in a progressive manner from simple to difficult parts in a rational and logical flow.
It must address the basic skill requirements in the beginning and gradually move to more complex skills and competency requirements.
10. Principles of Reversibility
The adaptations that place a result of training are all reversible.
Adaptations to endurance training can be lost more quickly than it takes to achieve them.
11. Principle of Variation
If employee training programs are repetitious employees or trainees can soon become bored and lose their motivation to learn.