In addition to the problems of poverty, unemployment, regional imbalances, influence, and parallel economy, and industrial sickness; There is another important problem of economic development like social injustice.
Its main reason is that the developing countries have not made sincere efforts required for the solution of the problem.
Illiteracy, conservative attitude, blind faith, lack of economic resources, and such other factors are the main hindrances in removing social injustice in developing countries.
If a country does not make adequate efforts to provide social justice to its citizens then all the dimensions of its economic development will remain incomplete.
None of the countries of the world can claim that she has totally abolished social injustice.
Yet this problem is more accurate in developing countries as compared to the developed nations.
The principal objective of development planning is human development and the attainment of a higher standard of living for the people.
This requires a more equitable distribution of development benefits and opportunities, better living environment and empowerment of the poor and marginalized. There is a special need to empower women who can act as catalysts for change.
In making the development process inclusive, the challenges are to formulate policies and programs to Bridge regional, social and economic disparities in an effective and sustainable manner as possible.
Indicators of Social Injustice in Business Environment
It is essential to identify the indicators of social injustice for the removal of this problem.
By and large, an inference can be drawn on the basis of the following indicators whether the citizens of the country are getting Social Justice.
1. Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a major indicator of Social Justice. HDI depends upon several factors such as education, health, and the provision of basic social infrastructure.
- To live a long and healthy life.
- To be educated and knowledgeable, and
- To enjoy a decent economic standard of living.
There has been significant progress in human development in the world as reflected in broad indicators such as the improvements registered in educational attainment, Health coverage and provision of the basic social infrastructure.
2. Gender Inequality Index
In terms of the gender inequality index GII.
GII captures the Lost in achievement due to gender disparities in the areas of reproductive health, empowerment, And Labour force participation with values ranging from 0 (perfect equality) to 1 (total inequality).
3. Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)
The status of Social Justice can also be evaluated on the basis of the index of Gender Empowerment Measure.
Empowerment of women is closely linked to opportunities they have in education, health, economics, and political participation.
The government has been operationalizing this approach through legislative and programmatic interventions as well as by mainstreaming gender into the development planning process.
Higher poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. In other words, a high level of poverty is the indicator of social injustice.
5. Labour and Employment
The situation of labour and employment in the country is also an important indicator of social justice and an important objective of development planning in the world has been to provide for increasing employment opportunities not only to meet the backlog of unemployed but also the new additions to the labour force.
Education is universally recognized as the central component of ‘human capital’.
The high level of education promotes Social Justice.
Education not only plays a significant role in removing social injustice but it also contributes to economic growth.
The impact of education on Population control, life expectancy, infant mortality, improving nutritional status and strength training Institutions is well organized.
Moreover, The social rates of return on investments in all levels of education much exceed the long-term opportunity cost of capital.
The population is also an important indicator of Social Justice.
If a country or region has more population density due to unemployment Social Justice may exit there.
Due to over-population several problems like hunger, unemployment, illiteracy, socioeconomic disparities, etc. Will prove as the hindrance in providing social justice.
To increase in population along with other factors has caused a severe problem of increasing unemployment in rural areas.
Hence, villagers keep migrating every year to urban areas and big cities in search of employment.
It has increased population pressure in urban areas, particularly in big cities.
8. Water Supply and Sanitation
The provision of safe drinking water supply and sanitation facilities is a basic necessity of life and a crucial input in achieving the goal of Social justice and ‘Health For All’.
The provision of safe drinking water and sanitation is the subject of a state and is the primary responsibility of the states.
However, the central government has been supplementing the states through financial and Technological inputs under centrally sponsored schemes.
9. Empowerment of Socially Disadvantaged Groups
There are some groups in the society who have to face in inconvenient situations.
These groups include the people of scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes, religious and linguistic minorities, socially and educationally backward classes, The aged, the physically challenged and also social defense and Juvenile social maladjustment.
Social injustice can be stopped by empowering all these groups.
The ministry of social justice and empowerment is undertaking social several welfare programs for the empowerment of socially disadvantaged groups.
Solutions for Removing Social Injustice in Business Environment
Policies and Programmes undertaken in recent years with a special focus on various components of social sectors have yielded positive results in terms of improvement in basic socio-demographic indicators, quality of life, reduction of overall poverty levels, and increased access to basic necessities of life.
However, sustained efforts are still needed to reduce the visible disparities amongst states, between rural and urban areas and between males and females.
To promote Social justice and eradicating injustice in world society following suggestions are offered:
1. Women Empowerment
Empowering world women is the foremost requirement of ending social injustice.
At least 40% of seats should be reserved for women in Municipal councilors, legislative assembly, and Parliament.
Thus, the political empowerment of women will help them improve their social-economic conditions.
2. Increase in Educational Facilities
Educational facilities should be raised For spreading literacy and improving the level of education in the world.
It should be ensured that at least 10% of the GDP spent on education.
For removing social injustice not on the level of literacy be raised but almost attention should be paid to the quality of education.
3. Population Control
The increasing population is one of the most important reasons for Social injustice in the whole world.
It is a mockery that those sections of world society have a higher rate of population growth which is deprived of social justice.
Hence, their population is controlled by educating them and providing facilities and resources for population control.
4. Increase in Employment Opportunities
Employment opportunities should be increased by removing unemployment.
More emphasis should be given to the development of Agriculture and the tertiary sector for this purpose.
These areas have ample scope of employment generation.
5. Removal of Poverty
About 37% of the countries population is below the poverty line.
Special attention will have to be paid for eradicating poverty in those States which have a vulnerable situation in this regard. education about will help in promoting Social Justice.
6. Infrastructure Development
Several areas of the country are still very backward so far as the development of infrastructure is concerned.
Therefore, infrastructural facilities such as electricity, water supply, sanitation, telecommunication, transport, education, medical facilities, etc. Should be developed at a rapid pace.
The development of infrastructure will help in removing the social injustice.
7. Development of Slums
The existence of slums at a large scale in the country Is an important indicator of social injustice.
The Government Should start a special campaign for the rehabilitation of slum dwellers into a healthy environment.
All the basic amenities should be provided to slum dwellers.