The balance sheet shows the financial status of the business on a fixed date. This date is usually the last date of the accounting year. The balance sheet also gives information about the refining capacity of the institutions.
Position Statement, from the balance sheet, believes that business is not bankrupt and it is moving towards the path of progress. Any person who puts his money in an institution has the right to know that his wealth is not being misused.
Position Statement or Balance Sheet
- Income Statement
- Cash Flow Statement
- Statement of Changes in Equity.
So at the end of an accounting period, all assets and liabilities are listed from individual accounts on the trial balance and then added up together, with light items group together.
The balance sheet Divided by the following formula:
Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity
liabilities and Owner’s Equity and Assets have been Defined by the International accounting standards board(IASB).
Balance Sheet Format and Sample
(1) Non-current assets
Non-current assets are assets that are not kept for sale purposes. But rather to increase the capacity of the entity, they are classified into 1. Fixed assets 2. further ongoing investment 3. deferred property 4. long-term loans and advances and 5. other Non-current assets.
Those assets which have a physical nature and can be seen and touched. This includes land, buildings, plant, machinery, furniture, vehicle office equipment, and all other Tangible assets.
Intangible Assets(Balance Sheet Definition Format and Sample)
This is Intangible Assets which does not have physical Nature and can not be seen or touched.
Goodwill, trademarks, brands, mining rights, patents, copyrights, Computer Software, Services and Operating Rights, Recipe, Formulas, Models and Designs, Licenses and Franchises and other privileges are reported in these Intangible assets.
Capital work in progress
Such capital assets are included in the Capital work in progress which is incomplete. Thus, you can also read Financial Statements: Meaning Nature And Objectives (Updated).
intangible Assets under development
Intangible assets such as patent and intellectual property rights, which are being developed by the company.
It is an investment which is not kept for the purpose of resale, they will be classified as trade investment and other appropriations and in addition to the following.
- Trade investment, land or building that has been taken to earn the rent for capital growth, not for the production or supply of goods or for use in business operation.
- Investment in Equity Instruments.
- investment in preference shares.
- Also investment in loan papers or mutual funds, government or trust securities.
Long-term loans and advances
They are loans and advances which will not be available in the form of cash or Assets in a period of 12 months and will be classified as follows.
* Capital Advance, Security Deposit, Loans, and Advances to Parties.
Other non-current assets
*Trade and other receivables
(2) Current Assets
An asset will be classified as the current asset only when it is recoverable from the normal operating cycle of the property business and is retained for the main business purpose and recoverable within 12 months after the reporting date.
Investments that can be made to change Liquid within 12 months.
investments in equity instruments, investments in preference shares, government and Trust securities, debentures or bonds, mutual funds, partnership firm, individual Investments, and others
inventories(Balance Sheet Definition Format and Samples
Raw material, work in progress, finished goods, stock in trade, loose tools, store, and spare parts, and others.
Trade receivables(Balance Sheet Definition Format and Sample)
It involves the various debtors and bills receivables which mature in 1 year.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
It involves the bank balance, cash balance, cheque and draught on hand.
Short-term loans and advances
The concerned parties will display loans and advances and other loans and advances individually. they will be divided into safe and unsafe.
Other Current Assets
Includes current Assets that are not suitable for any other Assets. Example: Prepaid expenses and advance tax.
The obligations included in this headline which are not classified as current liabilities.
Long-term borrowings will be described in the following words like bonds, debentures, Terms loan from the bank, from other parties, deposits, and others.
Deferred tax liabilities (Net)
The deferred tax liability is calculated due to the tax on the difference between accounting income and taxable.
If taxable income is less than the accounting income then the tax liability on the amount of difference will be called.
On the contrary, taxable income, if the accounting income exceeds, will be the property by postponing the amount of difference.
Other long-term liabilities
- Trade Payables (If there is more than 12 months duration.)
- Employee Benefits and Related Provisions.
Short-term Borrowings will be classified as follows:-
*Loan Re-payable on demands:
- for banks
- for other parties
*loans and advances from related parties
Trade Payable (If there is within 12 months duration)
Other Current Liabilities
- Current maturity of long-term loans.
- Current maturity of finance lease obligations.
- Interest earned on borrowings which is not payable.
- Unpaid dividend.
- provision for employee benefits.
- Income Received in advance.
You Are Here: Balance Sheet Definition Format and Sample.
Owners Equity / Shareholders
Business Owners are called as Shareholders.
- Share capital: 1. Common Stock 2. Preferred Stock at Per value
- Paid-in Capital
- Retained Earnings
- Paid-in Capital
- Number and amount of authorized Share capital(Equity and Preference stock)
- Issued; subscribed; fully paid Shares
Reserve and Surplus
- capital reserves
- capital redemption reserve
- security premium reserve
- debenture redemption reserve
- revaluation reserve
- share option outstanding Reserve
Thus, the Owners Equity formula is:
Balance Sheet Formula
Liabilities = Assets – Owners Equity
Owners Equity = Assets – Liabilities
Thus, Now you understood the Balance Sheet Definition Format and Sample.